Last week’s elections saw relatively minor changes to Republican and Democratic majorities in the House and Senate in their respective chambers. Democrats realized a net gain of two seats in the Senate, as Independent Senator-elect Angus King of Maine is expected to caucus with Democrats, giving them a 55 to 45 majority. Republicans maintained their majority in the House; with seven races outstanding, Republicans hold a 233-195 majority.
Leadership in the House and Senate is not expected to significantly change. Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) and Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-VA) will retain their roles in the House. It is also expected that Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) and Assistant Minority Leader Steny Hoyer (D-MD) will remain in place, though Leader Pelosi will be formally announcing her intentions on November 14. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) will continue to lead their caucuses.
The Democratic and Republican Caucuses in both the House and Senate will meet November 14 to conduct official leadership elections for the 113th Congress.
In the Senate, most committee chairs will retain their posts; formal announcements and votes for up to six new committee chairmanships are expected in January. The House will see several chairmanship changes due to retirements and GOP term limits. The House Republican Steering Committee is expected to select committee chairmen after Thanksgiving.
Please see our report 113th Congress Leadership Projections for a more detailed analysis of the expected party and committee leadership changes in the 113th Congress.