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Category Archives: Regulatory

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New drug marketing applications: how do EMA and FDA compare?

1.            Introduction A newly-published study has compared more than a hundred new drug marketing applications at both the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the period 2014-2016. The study examined the differing outcomes of individual applications at the Agencies in terms of marketing approval, type of approval, and approved

European Medicines Agency’s clarification regarding re-testing exemption for imported advanced therapy medicinal products

1.            Introduction On 21 August 2019, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) published questions and answers regarding imported advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP). The document focuses on the possibility of batch controls exemption for ATMP imported into the European Union from a third country. It provides guidance concerning grant of the exemption, data to be submitted

Medical Device Contractor Settles FCA Allegations Based on TAA Violations

On Thursday, August 8, 2019, the Department of Justice (“DoJ”) announced that Danish medical device company Ambu, Inc. (“Ambu”) will pay $3.3 million to settle False Claims Act (“FCA”) allegations that it violated the Trade Agreements Act (“TAA”) (19 U.S.C. § 2518) by selling products to the Defense Logistics Agency (“DLA”) and the Department of

European Commission draft implementing regulation on the reprocessing of single-use medical devices: public consultation is open

On 23 July 2019, the European Commission published the draft Commission Implementing Regulation (hereafter “Draft”) regarding Common Specifications for the reprocessing of single-use medical devices. The Draft is to implement the requirements of Article 17(3) of the Medical Devices Regulation 2017/943 (hereafter “MDR”). Article 17 MDR provides that under certain conditions, health institutions can reprocess

FDA and EMA Address Quality and Manufacturing Challenges for Breakthrough Therapies Undergoing Expedited Approval

On July 31, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) published a joint report on their efforts to support the development of and expedite access to breakthrough therapies that address unmet medical needs.  In addition to outlining the tools currently available to manufacturers seeking expedited approval of breakthrough

European commission publishes Additional Guidance regarding the Medical Devices Vigilance System

The three medical devices Directives, the Directive for Active Implantable Medical Devices (AIMD), the Directive for Medical Devices (MDD) and the In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive (IVDD), provide for the requirement for a European Medical Devices Vigilance System. The Medical Devices Vigilance System is the European system for the notification and evaluation of incidents

Will FDA be forced to implement a drug importation program?

Over a year ago, HHS Secretary Alex Azar requested that FDA establish a working group to explore how drug importation “could help address price hikes and supply disruptions.” The FDA working group was not assigned the task of developing a broad drug importation program. Instead, the working group’s remit was specifically limited to considering potential

FDA launches temporary “TRIP” program to help HCT/P sponsors gain regulatory clarity

Acting Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Ned Sharpless, M.D. recently announced that FDA is implementing a temporary program called the Tissue Reference Group Rapid Inquiry Program (“TRIP”), which will assist human cell, tissue, and cellular and tissue product (HCT/P) manufacturers, as well as stakeholders that market HCT/Ps, to “obtain a rapid, preliminary, informal, non-binding assessment from

FDA issues benefit-risk framework for assessing opioid drug applications, announces public meeting

Agency seeks input on “comparative advantage” requirement for new opioids Yesterday, as part of its ongoing efforts to combat the current opioid crisis, FDA published a draft guidance, “Opioid Analgesic Drugs: Considerations for Benefit-Risk Assessment Framework,” outlining the benefit-risk framework the Agency intends to use in assessing whether a new opioid drug application meets the

What comes out, must go back in: Court sides with FDA on “same surgical procedure” and “homologous use” definitions governing human cell and tissue products

FDA authority to crack down on illegally marketed stem cell treatments confirmed On Monday, a federal District Court in Florida issued a decisive blow against US Stem Cell Clinic, LLC, granting the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) motion for summary judgment, and stopping the clinic from offering its stem cell therapy to patients. The

FDA’s ‘Project Facilitate’ Pilot to Collect Metrics on Sponsor Expanded Access Denials

This morning, FDA announced it launched its new expanded access pilot called “Project Facilitate,” a concierge call center under the Oncology Center of Excellence (OCE) to facilitate the Single Patient IND (SPI) request process for oncologists.  Under the new program, FDA staff will help guide physicians through the process of applying for expanded access by

NHTSA, FMCSA release advanced notices of proposed rulemaking regarding autonomous driving systems

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) today each issued an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) regarding the removal of regulatory barriers to the safe introduction of automated driving systems (ADS) on public roads. I. NHTSA’s ANPRM NHTSA’s ANPRM focuses on how to amend its crash avoidance

DoD Trusted Capital Marketplace

At a press availability on May 10, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, Ellen Lord, discussed the “matchmaking” service the Department of Defense (“DoD” or “Department”) is helping to create, to put small and struggling firms together with trusted sources of capital.  This program may be viewed as a positive step that is

FDA Chief of Staff: OTC reform remains “top priority” for FDA

Speaking Tuesday, May 21, at the Consumer Health Products Association Regulatory, Scientific, and Quality Conference, FDA Chief of Staff Lauren Silvis emphasized that over-the-counter (OTC) monograph reform remains a “top priority” for FDA.  Based on these comments, FDA is clearly not giving up on monograph reform: FDA has long engaged in this effort, and we will

FDA guidance may ease path to biosimilar interchangeability

On Friday, FDA published the final guidance, “Considerations in Demonstrating Interchangeability With a Reference Product,” which is intended to assist sponsors in demonstrating that a biosimilar product is interchangeable with a reference product.  Even as some of the details remain to be hashed out, the guidance makes clear FDA’s desire to minimize the burdens of

FDA Doubles Down on MUsT Studies for Sunscreens and Issues Final Guidance on Absorption Studies that Will Likely Be Needed for Continued Marketing

On May 10, 2019, FDA published a notice of availability for a final guidance document on Maximal Usage Trials (MUsT studies) for topically applied active ingredients being considered for OTC drug monographs, including sunscreens.  As FDA has previously explained, the guidance states that MUsT studies can identify the potential for the systemic exposure for a

FDA publishes final guidance on ANDA/505(b)(2) NDA pathways

On Thursday, FDA published the final guidance document, “Determining Whether to Submit an ANDA or a 505(b)(2) Application” that contains minor revisions to the October 2017 draft guidance.  The final guidance contains no significant substantive changes to the draft version, but here are a few interesting tidbits: FDA will respond to comments seeking clarification on

New FDA draft guidance on voluntary recalls highlights importance of recall initiation plans

On April 23, FDA issued draft guidance entitled “Initiation of Voluntary Recalls Under 21 CFR Part 7, Subpart C,” which aims to clarify how firms in a product distribution chain should prepare to facilitate timely initiation of a voluntary recall, respond to an indication of a problem with a distributed product, and initiate a voluntary

With the Statutory Deadline Approaching, FDA Issues a Proposed Sunscreens Rule

On February 26, FDA published the proposed rule, “Sunscreen Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use,” which describes the conditions under which Over-the-Counter (OTC) sunscreen monograph products are generally recognized as safe and effective (GRASE) and not misbranded.  Primarily, the proposed rule seeks additional information on sunscreen ingredients so that FDA can evaluate their GRASE status

FDA’s Bendeka decision reverses approvals of Treanda generics

Yesterday, FDA released a letter stating how the agency intends to implement the scope of orphan drug exclusivity awarded to Eagle Pharmaceuticals’ Bendeka (bendamustine HCl) by the D.C. Circuit Court in Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Azar, No. 16-790, ECF No. 64 (D.D.C.) (Jun. 8, 2018).  At issue following the Eagle decision was whether the exclusivity

FDA to consider patent listing, therapeutic equivalence, and other Orange Book issues; agency will issue draft guidance documents, seek public comment

FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. recently announced four steps FDA will be taking to ensure that the Orange Book (FDA’s publication of Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations) provides the greatest benefit to patients and providers, and (perhaps in particular) generic drug developers.  The Commissioner’s announcement addresses several important issues, including patent listing standards

European Commission publishes factsheet on the (in vitro) medical devices procurement ecosystem

Introduction The European Commission has published a factsheet addressed to organisers of public tenders involving medical devices. The goal of the factsheet is to provide hospitals, clinics, ministries and competent authorities responsible for the procurement of (in vitro) medical devices with guidance concerning Medical Device Regulation (MDR) and the In Vitro Device Regulation (IVDR). This

The EMA has published a Concept paper for a Guideline for the development of medicinal products containing allergens to treat rare allergic diseases

Introduction On 13 December 2018, the EMA published a “Concept paper on a Guideline for allergen products development in moderate to low-sized study populations”. Four EMA guidelines concerning medicinal products containing allergens are currently applicable. They provide guidance for the clinical development and quality control of medicinal products containing allergens. All of these guidelines start